9 //File Transfer Protocol



Artist: Matthew Ritchie


Art 21


What is FTP?

FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol, a commonly used protocol for exchanging files over a network.

An FTP transfer involves a server and a client. The server listens for requests to connect, and once accepted, the client can then transfer or manipulate files. For our class, you’ll be using FTP to transfer your carefully organized files that make up your website from your personal computer to the school’s server.

FTP requires a TCP network (like the internet). TCP stands for Transfer Control Protocol.

Why organize your files?

Last week, we talked about the internet as a system of interconnected networks across the globe, made up of interlinking documents such as images, text, and other files. (We also talked about the physical structure – and arguably nothing describes physicality more than an ability to be attacked by sharks).

The resources and documents on the internet can be accessed using URLs (Universal Resources Locators). A URL can be direct (linking directly to a site) or indirect (describing its relative location to the current page). When you are building your own webpage, you will likely use a combination of direct and indirect links. If you organize your files before transferring them to the server, you will have far fewer broken links after transferring them. For example, if you link to a file not in your web folder, it will result in a broken link.

FTP Software

For our purposes, you can use Fetch Softworks (which is available via the school self service) or Cyberduck. These services will only work when connected to the school’s network.


Electornic Sketchbook Assignment 7 //Website Mapping

Create a layout for your website by sketching out the page layout and the navigation user navigation. What will your site look like? How will your user navigate? Create a diagram to show how your viewer will move through your work.

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